Transplanting strawberries: how to ensure good crop establishment
Transplanting strawberry plants is a key process in ensuring successful crop development, although the first crucial decision that producers have to make is choosing the right variety depending on the climatological conditions.
Strawberry plants need to accumulate a number of hours of cold, particularly at the early stages. In the case of hothouses located at a certain altitude, the low temperatures in the autumn months cause the plants to enter a period of vegetative rest.
In the case of fresh plants, transfer to their final planting out site takes place in the months of October or November just when the strawberry plant has entered a period of latency. This vegetative rest enables the plants to better withstand and overcome the conditions and stress caused by transplanting and all of the processes that are involved: removal, handling and transfer.
Before transplanting it is always advisable to carry out nutritional and microbiological analyses to determine the condition of the soil.
From then on the success of the harvest hinges on the decisive stage of transplanting. It is essential to ensure good establishment of plants after transplanting as they have to generate new roots and form leaves and flower buds at a time when their energy reserves are at their lowest.
Poor establishment of plants at their final site after transplanting can cause crop failure, such as weak plant growth or premature flowering, which can ruin the success of the crop and lead to lower yields and less profitability for farmers.
Strawberry growing involves high demands of organic matter and this is why Seipasa’s Multisei organic fertilizer is particularly recommended as it improves the quality of the soil’s nutritional content.
If we consider the case of Huelva, which is Spain’s main berry-producing area (the strawberry sector in fact accounts for 8% of Andalusia’s GDP), the mild winter conditions allow plants to develop over these months, with production starting towards the end of January and increasing over the following months.
Overcoming post-transplant stress
In the mild winter temperatures plants enjoy a long period in which to send forth new roots and begin the flower forming process. If temperatures are too high the newly transplanted plants use up too much energy in evapotranspiration and do not manage to achieve optimal rooting and this in turn can lead to the death of the plant.
During transplanting strawberry, plants benefit greatly from the use of solutions that help them to overcome situations of stress and ensure good crop establishment. Seiland is a natural formulation developed by Seipasa to activate and encourage the development of the root system.
This stimulation allows the root to explore more soil in search of necessary nutrients. Seiland also stimulates the activity of the microbial flora and fauna in the soil and strengthens the plant so that it is able to deal better with abiotic stress. Its natural formulation means that it can be used in integrated and organic production strategies. It is also easy to apply in fertirrigation systems.